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ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: USAGE AND ETHICAL IMPLICATION

INTRODUCTION

Artificial Intelligence is the study of a computer system that can perform tasks that normally require human intelligence such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages. AI is a field of science and engineering that involves the development of computer system that is capable of performing tasks that would otherwise require human intelligence. AI has been around since 1950 and has seen great improvements over the years.

AI is used in a variety of applications, such as robotics, natural language processing, machine learning, computer vision, and video games. AI can help automate tasks that are tedious or difficult for humans, such as driving a car, playing a game, or recognizing faces in a crowd. AI can also be used to make decisions and solve problems that are too complex for humans. AI can be used to automate mundane tasks, such as data entry and sorting, or to help with more complex tasks such as medical diagnosis and financial analysis.[1]

Artificial Intelligence is one of the leading forces in modern technology, enabling experts to automate and replicate tasks traditionally completed by humans. AI systems are self-learning algorithms that can recognize patterns, observe contexts, and communicate with another system. AI technology is used in a wide range of computer applications and software, from simple facial recognition technology to advance artificial neural networks. Although AI’s capabilities are creating new opportunities for businesses, organizations, and societies, there are also ethical issues that must be taken into consideration before relying on AI technologies. This paper will outline the current usage of AI technologies.[2] This blog will outline the current usage of AI technology and discuss the ethical implication that arises from artificial intelligence.

USAGE OF AI

Artificial intelligence (AI) is an area of computer science that focuses on creating machines that can think and act like humans. It is a broad field that includes many sub-topics such as natural language processing, computer vision, robotics, and machine learning. AI has been used in many applications including medical diagnosis, autonomous vehicles, industrial automation, and virtual assistants.[3]

AI can be used to automate complex processes and tasks that would otherwise be too time-consuming or difficult for humans to do. For example, AI can be used to automate customer service functions, such as identifying and responding to customer inquiries. AI can also be used to automate processes in the manufacturing industry, such as controlling robots to build parts or products. AI can also be used to analyze large data sets and identify patterns or trends in the data.

AI can be used to assist humans in making decisions. For example, AI can be used to develop algorithms that can predict how a customer is likely to react to a particular product or service. AI can also be used to generate suggestions for customers based on their past purchases or browsing history. AI can also be used to detect fraud or anomalies in financial transactions.[4]

AI can also be used to optimize a company’s operations. For example, AI can be used to create models that identify and predict customer demand, allowing a company to better manage its inventory and production. AI can also be used to analyze and improve the performance of an organization’s supply chain. AI can also be used to optimize the scheduling of employees and other resources.

AI can also be used to create new products or services. For example, AI can be used to create personalized products and services based on customer preferences or needs. AI can also be used to create virtual assistants that can help customers with their inquiries or tasks. AI can also be used to develop virtual reality experiences, such as virtual tours of museums or other places of interest.

AI has many applications and is being used in everyday life. For example, AI is being used in the healthcare industry to diagnose diseases and develop personalized treatments. AI is also being used in the legal field to analyze contracts and other legal documents. AI is also being used in the retail industry to provide customers with personalized shopping experiences.[5]

Overall, AI is an incredibly powerful tool that is being used in a variety of industries. AI is being used to automate tasks, optimize operations, and generate new products and services. AI has the potential to revolutionize the way that businesses and individuals interact with each other and with technology.

ETHICAL IMPLICATION OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

The emergence of artificial intelligence (AI) technology has revolutionized the way humans interact with machines. AI-powered technologies have changed the way businesses operate and how people interact with each other. AI has enabled computers to recognize patterns and make decisions, thereby reducing the need for human intervention. With the potential to automate many tasks and processes, AI is opening up new possibilities and opportunities in areas such as healthcare, transportation, and even military operations. However, the introduction of AI technologies into society has also raised ethical concerns. The ethical implications of AI are becoming increasingly important, as AI technology is increasingly being incorporated into everyday life. AI has the potential to be used to exploit vulnerable populations, manipulate public opinion, and even threaten national security.[6]

What are the ethical implications of AI?

The ethical implications of AI are complex and vary depending on the application and context. There are several ethical implications associated with the use of AI, including privacy and data protection, algorithmic bias, and social implications.

Privacy and Data Protection

The use of AI technology has raised concerns about privacy and data protection. AI systems collect and process large amounts of data, and this data can be used to make predictions and decisions about an individual’s behaviour. This raises questions about how this data is used, and whether it is used ethically.

Algorithmic Bias

Algorithmic bias is a form of discrimination that occurs when AI algorithms are trained on biased data sets. AI algorithms are only as accurate as the data they are trained on, and if the data is biased, then the algorithms will be biased as well. This can have serious implications for decision-making, as biased AI algorithms can lead to discriminatory outcomes.

Transparency

Another ethical issue associated with AI is transparency. AI systems are often opaque, meaning that their inner workings are not clear to users. This lack of transparency can lead to unexpected outcomes, such as bias and discrimination. To address this issue, India has implemented several initiatives to promote transparency in AI systems. The Indian government recently launched the AI Transparency Framework, which outlines the principles of transparency in AI applications. The framework requires companies to provide users with clear information about how their data is being used and to provide users with the ability to access, modify, or delete their data. Additionally, the framework requires companies to provide clear explanations of their AI models and the data sets that were used to train them.

Autonomy

Another ethical concern related to AI is the issue of autonomy. Autonomous systems, such as self-driving cars and robots, are increasingly being used in a variety of applications. These systems are capable of making their own decisions without the need for human intervention. This raises questions about who is responsible when these systems make mistakes and how these systems should be regulated.

The United Nations has developed the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) to regulate autonomous weapons. This convention prohibits the development, production, and use of autonomous weapons. It also requires nations to ensure that autonomous weapons are not used to commit war crimes or violate international humanitarian law. Additionally, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has created a set of ethical principles for the use of autonomous weapons, which includes the need for a human element in decision-making and the use of weapons in a manner that respects human dignity.[7]

Social Implications

AI technologies have the potential to be used to manipulate public opinion and exploit vulnerable populations. AI can be used to target vulnerable populations, such as the elderly or people with disabilities, with manipulative messages and advertising. AI can also be used to spread false information, and even to influence elections.

How Can The Ethical Implications Of AI Be Addressed?

The ethical implications of AI can be addressed in several ways. The most important step is to ensure that AI technologies are designed and implemented responsibly. This can be done by adopting ethical principles and guidelines for developing and using AI systems. It is also important to ensure that AI systems are transparent and accountable. AI systems should be designed to allow for transparency and accountability so that it is clear how decisions are made, and who is responsible for those decisions.

CONCLUSION

Artificial Intelligence can be used in a wide range of applications, from medical diagnosis to self-driving cars. However, there are ethical implications associated with its use, including privacy concerns, safety issues, and potential discrimination. Companies should take steps to ensure that AI is used responsibly, including ensuring that the data used to train AI algorithms is free from bias, being transparent about how AI is used and having ethical policies in place. By taking these steps, companies can help to ensure that AI is used ethically and responsibly.

Author(s) Name: Kamran Tamboli (Maharashtra National Law University Mumbai)

References:

[1] https://www.britannica.com/science/artificial-intelligence

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_intelligence

[3] www.investopedia.com/terms/a/artificialintelligence.asp

[4] https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/artificial-intelligence-ai.asp

[5] https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/artificial-intelligence-ai.asp

[6] https://www.techjury.net/blog/ai-and-ethics/

[7] https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fsurg.2022.862322/full. Accessed 7 January 2023.